Private equity (PE) financing is money invested by PE firms in privately owned businesses. PE financing is often used to buy out some or all of the ownership interests of the owners of a business (target company). PE firms often use debt to finance these buyout transactions—with the target company taking on significant loans to secure the money (capital) to buy out the current owners of the business. The target company must, of course, pay back these loans from its lenders, with interest. Because of this use of debt financing, these buyouts have traditionally been called leveraged buyouts (LBOs).