Laws regarding when drivers must yield the right of way to pedestrians vary from state to state and are usually located in a state’s statutes—often in the motor vehicle code, traffic code, or transportation code, for example. Cities and towns (municipalities) may also have local laws (ordinances) that govern when and where pedestrians or drivers have the right of way.
Although laws vary from state to state, in most states:
• Drivers must yield the right of way to pedestrians at marked and unmarked crosswalks.
• Drivers must yield to a pedestrian crossing on a sidewalk in front of an alley, building, driveway, or private road.
• Drivers must yield to a pedestrian crossing the street and approaching the driver’s half of the roadway.
And in most states:
• Pedestrians must yield the right of way to motor vehicles if the pedestrian is crossing anywhere other than a marked or unmarked crosswalk.
• When there are traffic lights present, pedestrians may only cross when there is a flashing walk signal (often showing the seconds remaining in the walk period).