This statute grants federal district courts jurisdiction over civil actions where the matter in controversy exceeds the sum or value of $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs, and is between citizens of different states. This could apply to cases involving prescriptive easements if the property in question is of significant value and the parties are from different states. The statute ensures that out-of-state parties have access to a neutral forum, potentially preventing state court bias.
This statute provides that federal courts may have supplemental jurisdiction over state law claims that are so related to claims in the action within such original jurisdiction that they form part of the same case or controversy. This means that if a federal court is hearing a case based on diversity jurisdiction or federal question jurisdiction, it can also decide on related state law issues, such as the establishment of a prescriptive easement, as long as they stem from the same set of facts.
This statute allows individuals to sue the United States in federal district court over disputes concerning title to real property in which the United States claims an interest. While prescriptive easements typically involve private parties, if the easement is claimed over federal land, this statute would govern the process by which the claimant could challenge federal ownership and potentially establish a prescriptive easement.
Enacted in 1976, this statute repealed a series of federal laws that had given individuals the right to claim prescriptive easements over federal lands under certain conditions. The Repeal Act ended these preemption claims, meaning that individuals can no longer acquire prescriptive easements over federal lands as they might over private lands under state law. However, existing rights that were established before the repeal are not affected.