Real property

HOA (homeowners' association)

A homeowners’ association (HOA) is an organization created to manage a multi-unit residential real estate development (such as a condominium) in which each owner of a unit has both a separate ownership interest (often everything inside the front door)—and a common ownership interest (with other unit owners) in the common areas of the property outside the front door—such as roofs, hallways, driveways, walkways, stairways, stucco, brick, paint, stone, and landscaping.

Homeowners’ associations are often created by a document known as the declaration of covenants, conditions, and restrictions (declaration or CC&Rs) or a similar document that is filed in the local (county) records by the developer of the property.

Homeowners’ associations are generally governed by a board of directors (board), elected by the homeowners as provided by the HOA’s declaration and bylaws. Unit owners or homeowners in the association are required to pay monthly HOA dues for the maintenance and repair of the common areas of the property and its insurance.

State Statutes for the State of Texas

Federal Statutes

Can Your HOA Fine You? Understanding Homeowners Laws
Can Your HOA Fine You? Understanding Homeowners Laws
While homeowners associations are legally recognized, finding yourself on the receiving end of a complaint or HOA fine may have you asking whether or not the association actually has the legal right to fine you.
How to Fight Your HOA Legally
How to Fight Your HOA Legally
If you find yourself struggling with strict rules in your neighborhood, “getting back” at the association can be tempting. Rather than doing something that could land you in legal trouble, however, you can learn how to fight your HOA legally.