Under 18 U.S. Code § 2241, a person commits aggravated sexual abuse by knowingly causing another person to engage in a sexual act by using force against that person, or by threatening or placing that person in fear that any person will be subjected to death, serious bodily injury, or kidnapping. Additionally, it covers situations where the victim is rendered unconscious or where the perpetrator administers drugs, intoxicants, or other similar substances that substantially impair the ability of the person to appraise or control conduct. The statute also addresses sexual acts with someone who is under the custodial, supervisory, or disciplinary authority of the actor. The punishment for aggravated sexual abuse is a fine, imprisonment for any term of years or life, or both.
According to 18 U.S. Code § 2242, sexual abuse occurs when a person knowingly causes another person to engage in a sexual act by threatening or placing that person in fear (other than by force or threat of force). It also includes cases where the person is incapable of appraising the nature of the conduct or physically incapable of declining participation or communicating unwillingness to engage in the sexual act. The penalties for sexual abuse can include fines and imprisonment for any term of years or for life.
Under 18 U.S. Code § 2243, it is a crime for any person to knowingly engage in a sexual act with a minor who is at least 12 years old but under 16 years old, if the perpetrator is at least four years older than the minor. It also covers sexual abuse of a ward by a person in a position of trust with respect to the ward. Penalties for sexual abuse of a minor or ward include fines and imprisonment for up to 15 years.
18 U.S. Code § 2244 criminalizes knowingly engaging in or causing sexual contact with or by another person, if the contact is done with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person, and under the circumstances described in the statutes covering aggravated sexual abuse, sexual abuse, or sexual abuse of a minor or ward. The statute also includes provisions for cases where the victim is unaware that a sexual act is being committed upon them or where the perpetrator has misled the victim to believe that the person is someone else. Penalties vary depending on the specific circumstances but can include fines and imprisonment.
Per 18 U.S. Code § 2245, if a person commits sexual abuse (including aggravated sexual abuse) and the act results in the death of the victim, the perpetrator can be punished by death or by imprisonment for any term of years or for life.
18 U.S. Code § 2261A makes it a federal crime to engage in stalking, which can include behavior that intends to kill, injure, harass, intimidate, or cause substantial emotional distress to a person by placing that person or a member of their immediate family in fear of death or serious bodily injury. The statute also covers stalking through the use of electronic communication systems. Penalties for stalking can include fines and imprisonment.